He writes: ‘If we want to conclude the work of decolonisation, we have to bring down colonial boundaries in our continent and turn Africa into a vast space of circulation for itself, for its descendants and for everyone who wants to tie his or her fate with our continent.’ The latest issue of Chimurenga Chronic showcases the African imagination of a borderless world.
What are our ideas on territoriality, borders and movement?
All these moves have meant a more integrated and interdependent global economy.
Technological change has played an important role in globalising the world's economy.
Mbembe identifies three freedoms in liberal thinking: freedom of movement, freedom of capital and freedom of services. Colonialism, Mbembe says, aimed to fully restrict any movement. Historically, not class struggle but migration has always been the defining catalyst of progressive change.
Moving elsewhere is not an ambition – at the end of the day people dream of returning to where they come from, Mbembe argues.Tariffs and other impediments have been gradually reduced under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in the period after the second world war.This process has been continued under the guidance of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).The process is driven by technological advances and reductions in the costs of international transactions, as well as reductions in the costs of transportation.Certain factors have contributed to the growth of globalisation.This allows businesses to exercise power over suppliers and unit output costs can be reduced.Global hotel chains such as Holiday Inn and Marriott are in a position to benefit from volume discounts from catering supply companies. Introduction GLOBALISATION: COULD THE FUTURE BE BRIGHT?* INTRODUCTION * CHAPTER 1 - THE THREE WAVES OF GLOBALISATION * CHAPTER 2 - OPPORTUNITIES & RISKS GLOBALISATION * CHAPTER 3 - LOOKING TO THE FUTURE: THE WAY AHEAD * CONCLUSION To what extent has globalisation created a 'borderless world'?.pass_color_to_child_links a.u-inline.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.web_page .u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded .