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In India, agriculture is our primary economic activity and about two-thirds of our population is engaged in the same.Let us get acquainted with types of farming done in India.
Primitive farming further includes: Intensive subsistence farming is quite in contrast to primitive farming, farmers practice intensive farming on wider areas of land, use modern machinery and tools and add chemical fertilizers for better crops.
When farmers grow crops and rear animals for economic activity, it becomes Commercial Farming. Plantation farming is a type of commercial farming.
Due to the need for a high amount of output, farmers cultivate larger areas of land, with heavy use of machinery. It involves farming on large areas of land to maximize output and profits.
This type of farming requires huge capital and involves extensive labour.
Primitive subsistence farming is the type of subsistence farming that is typically done on small areas of land with traditional tools like hoe, dao, digging sticks etc.
This is rather the most natural method of growing crops, because, the natural environment like heat, rain, wind and condition of the soil contribute to the growth of crops.
The word agriculture is derived from a Latin word- ager or agri meaning soil, and ‘culture’ meaning cultivation of the soil.
In modern terms, agriculture comprises “the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and rearing livestock.” You can consider farming to be rather a complete system which includes inputs, processing, and outputs.
The agricultural water use mainly refers to water for irrigation and for livestock necessities.
With this map we would like to illustrate the sometimes surprisingly big difference in water use between regions and countries.