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A Greek geographer named Strabo wrote in the early first century BC that, ?It consists of vaulted terraces raised one above another, and resting upon cube-shaped pillars.Alexander the Great captured the city in 330 BC and had plans to rebuild it into the capital of his vast empire. After 312 BC, Babylon was used as a capital city by the Seleucid dynasty set up by Alexander? s usage as a capital was temporary, once the real capital of the Seleucid dynasty was built, most of the inhabitants of Babylon moved there, and the city almost disappeared before the coming of Islam in the 7th century AD. t really hang, that term just comes from the loose translation of the Greek word kremastos, or the Latin word pensilis.
There is another story about the creation of the Gardens, this story says that the Gardens were built by Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five year reign starting in 810 BC, but this story is pretty much forgotten.Later, around the 12th century BC it became a religious center when its chief god, Marduk was elevated to the top of the Mesopotamian pantheon.The Kassite dynasty collapsed under pressure from the Elamites off to the east, after that Babylon was governed by several short-lived dynasties.It profited greatly because of the fact that it was the hub of over land trade routes between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean sea.Babylon was first mentioned in documents dating to the third millennium BC.The lands of Babylon were flat and desert like, not a mountain for hundreds of miles, and completely lacking of vegetation.The Hanging Gardens were a green mountain of life rising from the barren desert.At this point in time the city covered over 2500 acres, making it the largest known city in the world. During Persian control, Babylon was home to the royal family.In 482 BC, a revolt was lead by Xerxes to over come the Persians, as a symbol of their victory, they melted the statue of Marduk.In fact, the Babylonians never really commented on the Gardens, all of that work was left up to the Greeks, suck as Strabo and Philo. s soldiers reached Mesopotamia that they brought back stories of Babylon? They told stories of the Gardens and palm trees, of Nebuchadnezzar?s palace, of the Tower of Babel and the Ziggurats, and of the city walls.