There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
Students need critical thinking skills to sift through all the information they encounter.
They need to know where information came from and why, and how it can be interpreted or misinterpreted.
Students develop deeper understanding when they have time to struggle. It is not an option, because students are spoon fed the correct answer, rather than asking students to create, collaborate, think critically, analyze, write, and explore. “In a productive struggle, students grapple with the issues and are able to come up with a solution themselves, developing persistence and resilience in pursuing and attaining the learning goal or understanding” (Allen, 2012, A Conversation with Author and Educator Robyn Jackson).
Classroom assignments should be designed with the end in mind.