Does this mean that everyone who plays violent video games will go out and attack someone? It just means that there is some kind of relationship between playing the video games and violence.What kind of relationship exists is still to be determined.In both examples, the causes occurred before the effects, so the first criterion was met.Tags: Parts Of An Apa Research PaperRace And Racism Essays In Social Geography By Peter JacksonPurpose Of Business PlanUcl History Essay GuidelinesStereotyping Teenagers EssayEssay On TotalitarianismMovie Assignments
It would be impossible to tell whether or not the crying was caused by the newborn being hungry, needing a new diaper, or if they just missed their parents, unless you account for all these factors in the design of your experiment.
As you can see, the third criterion is difficult to meet.
The final criterion is that there are no other factors that can explain the relationship between the cause and effect. For instance, let's say that while observing the newborns, you discovered that newborns cried periodically without the loud sound.
You also know that it is typical for newborns to cry when they are hungry, need a diaper, or miss their primary caregiver.
The only way to meet the third criteria is by using the experiment method and controlling the other factors that can influence the outcome of your research.
In this example, you would need to control for hunger, diaper changes, and missing parents.Try it risk-free Think about when you woke up today.In all likelihood, you were probably woken up by the sound of an alarm clock. Without the alarm, you probably would have overslept.In order to establish a cause-effect relationship, three criteria must be met.The first criterion is that the cause has to occur before the effect. In the example above, the students had to become all-star athletes before their attractiveness ratings and self-confidence improved.In this example, we see that the strength of the loud sound also determines how hard the newborn cries.Again, criterion two has been met for this example.Suppose that your results showed that not only did the students view the all-star athletes as more attractive and popular, but the self-confidence of the athletes also improved.Here we see that one cause (having the status of an all-star athlete) has two effects (increased self-confidence and higher attractiveness ratings among other students).As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.