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Mead's central concept is the self: It is composed of self-awareness and self-image.Mead claimed that the self is not there at birth, rather, it is developed with social experience.In the final stage, stage eight or old age, people are still learning about the challenge of integrity and despair.
The theory questions whether there is a propensity to socially oriented action already present before birth.
Research in the theory concludes that newborns are born into the world with a unique genetic wiring to be social.
The first stage is the pre-conventional stage, where a person (typically children) experience the world in terms of pain and pleasure, with their moral decisions solely reflecting this experience.
Second, the conventional stage (typical for adolescents and adults) is characterized by an acceptance of society's conventions concerning right and wrong, even when there are no consequences for obedience or disobedience.
Finally, the post-conventional stage (more rarely achieved) occurs if a person moves beyond society's norms to consider abstract ethical principles when making moral decisions. Erikson (1902–1994) explained the challenges throughout the life course.
The first stage in the life course is infancy, where babies learn trust and mistrust.Socialization may lead to desirable outcomes—sometimes labeled "moral"—as regards the society where it occurs.Individual views are influenced by the society's consensus and usually tend toward what that society finds acceptable or "normal".Socialization is thus both a cause and an effect of association.Lawrence Kohlberg studied moral reasoning and developed a theory of how individuals reason situations as right from wrong.The social pre-wiring hypothesis, on the other hand, shows proof through a scientific study that social behavior is partly inherited and can influence infants and also even influence foetuses.Wired to be social means that infants are not taught that they are social beings, but they are born as prepared social beings.Socialization provides only a partial explanation for human beliefs and behaviors, maintaining that agents are not blank slates predetermined by their environment; Socialization as a concept originated concurrently with sociology, as sociology was defined as the treatment of "the specifically social, the process and forms of socialization, as such, in contrast to the interests and contents which find expression in socialization".In particular, socialization consisted of the formation and development of social groups, and also the development of a social state of mind in the individuals who associate.Understanding intention requires imagining the situation from the others' point of view.In effect, others are a mirror in which we can see ourselves.