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CBT owes its roots to Aaron beck and Albert Ellis who designed it in late 1950s.Nemade, Reiss, and Dombeck note, “Cognitive behavioural therapy is founded on the single basic idea that cognition, in the form of thoughts and preconceived judgments, precedes and determines people’s emotional responses.” Principally, depression results from people viewing situations from a negative point of view and this disposition leads them to act in a particular manner hence their behaviour.After this, the therapist lists different positive thoughts, which the patient may utilize every time he/she is faced with the depressing situation.
Therefore, by correcting one’s thoughts to look at every situation positively, one changes his/her feelings thus changing actions leading to changed behaviour.
In other words, CBT focuses on changing the cognitive, which in turn changes the behaviour.
With time, people accept these core values as realities for they govern their life.
Because these core behaviours are only perceptions, not necessarily reality, CBT seeks to fix them and change them from negative thoughts to positive thoughts.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR DEPRESSION Introduction Cognitive behavioral therapy helps improve people's moods and behavior by changing their way thinking; also, how they interpret events and talk to themselves.
This form of psychotherapy helps guide people into thinking more realistically and teaches them coping strategies to deal with their depression.
This can be reactions such as fear, rage or depression, and self-defeating or self-damaging behavior.
It also teaches people how to calm their mind and body, so they can feel better, think more clearly, and make better decisions.
CBT utilises the principle that thoughts determine feelings and feelings determine actions .
CBT thus holds that, a situation evokes given thoughts, which in turn arouse given feelings leading to given actions.