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In the early 20th century across Europe, Russia and Japan the dominant stratification system was the Feudalism.
A stratification system is opened or closed depending on how easy it is for an individual to move up or down the layers of society.
This is also called social mobility and it can take place easier in opened societies rather than the closed ones where this is very unlikely to happen.
In this society everything is classed in relation to a person’s skin colour, even education, health system benefits, employment and housing.
Because in this society the position of an individual is ascribed to him at birth the system is similar to the caste system.
Social inequality is a situation in which there can be found differences between individual groups in a society from the point of view of their social groups, social circles or social status.
In some parts of the world there are different social groups that do not have the same rights to propriety, vote, freedom of speech, health care or education.
Pros towards this system are that everyone has easy access to it and it is fair towards everyone that needs it, Cons there are some people that abuse the system and would rather stay in a council house and live on the benefits than search for a job that would pay just a little bit more.
Theories of inequalities In Karl Marx’s opinion the capitalist society is split into two different social classes: the bourgeoisie – the social class which were the owners of businesses, the employers; and the proletariat – the social class which were the working class, the employees.
The term social mobility is the ability of an individual or groups to move from one social status to another.
This can be measure on two different time scales, intra-generational which refers to the movement an individual has within his lifetime, and inter-generational which refers to the movement of a individual in reference with his parent generation.