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, hosts must offer their guests food and drink regardless of their social status.In practice, that often meant seeing to their needs before asking their names or where they came from (a neat way of avoiding feeling put upon by guests of lower social station).
Later on, this characterization will become a measure of the changes in Telemachus.
Homer’s strong emphasis on Telemachus’ allegiance will be important later as a measure of changes in his character.
This is the third use of this phrase to describe dawn.
In an oral culture in which the poet must remember accurately hundreds of lines, a phrase like this--always used to describe dawn--is easy to commit to memory and creates an image in the minds of listeners that just the word Homer uses this construction almost as a refrain.
His audience, regardless of what part of Greece they come from, would've been familiar with these nautical terms, which are: hawsers (ropes), cross plank, and forestays (a piece of rigging that prevents the mast from falling).
Notice how this image is very similar to one in Book II.(in the middle of things) and explore a vast world or universe, generally that involves mythological landscapes such as the home of the gods.It uses symbolism, imagery, and allegory to elevate the story to the fantastical realm of myth and legend.Homer uses repetition to emphasize important images or ideas.This image emphasizes Telemachus’ reliance on the goddess Athena, who has taken on the form of Mentor."As the sail bellied out with the wind, the ship flew through the deep blue water, and the foam hissed against her bows as she sped onward.Then they made all fast throughout the ship, filled the mixing bowls to the brim, and made drink offerings to the immortal gods that are from everlasting, but more particularly to the grey-eyed daughter of Zeus....").Given what we know of Athena's intentions here, it's likely that the "gift" she gives Telemachus will be his father, returning at last from his voyage.It seems unlikely, however, that Telemachus will be able to give Athena a gift of equal value, since his father's return may as well be priceless to him.Following Agamemnon's murder, his estate would've fallen into the hands of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, then passed again to Orestes, Agamemnon's son, after he avenged his father.Traditionally, Menelaus would've become King of those lands in his brother's wake, but since he was away, he wasn't able to claim his rights in the matter.