Literature Review On Cervical Cancer

Western and Eastern Africa are high risk areas for cervical cancer with women having a 3.4% cumulative risk of developing cervical cancer during their lifetime compared to a 0.5% lifetime risk of cervical cancer for women in North America risk of [9].

Decreases in HPV prevalence in North America have been linked to HPV vaccination [10]; however, the high cost of HPV vaccine may make it unaffordable or unavailable in many African countries [4].

Cervical cancer screening has successfully decreased cervical cancer incidence and mortality [5] in developed countries.

However, screening in most African countries remains inaccessible and underutilized by African women [6].

Implementation of grassroots enlightenment and screening programs are warranted in this population to decrease the screening disparity experienced by this burgeoning population.

Based on the findings from this review, African Immigrant (AI) women should be targeted for education about the importance of cervical cancer screening to bridge the knowledge gaps and multilevel initiatives could lead to improved access and utilization of screening services among this growing immigrant population.

These recommendations are for women at average risk and do not apply to women at increased risk for cervical cancer such as women who have a history of cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer; women who have been exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol, or women who are immunocompromised [11].

Recommended screening practices should not change based on HPV vaccination status [16].

Corresponding author: Adebola Adegboyega, RN, BSN, Ph D candidate, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA, E-mail: [email protected] J Womens Health Wellness, IJWHW-3-046, (Volume 3, Issue 1), Review Article; ISSN: 2474-1353 Received: October 25, 2016 | Accepted: February 18, 2017 | Published: February 22, 2017 Citation: Adegboyega A, Aleshire M, Linares AM (2017) Examining Cervical Cancer Screening Utilization Among African Immigrant Women: A Literature Review. 10.23937/2474-1353/1510046 Copyright: © 2017 Adegboyega A, et al.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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