Model Logical Division Essay

Model Logical Division Essay-51
This document is part of a collection of instructional materials used in the Purdue University Writing Lab. The on-line version is part of OWL (On-line Writing Lab), a project of the Purdue University Writing Lab, funded by the School of Liberal Arts at Purdue.

This document is part of a collection of instructional materials used in the Purdue University Writing Lab. The on-line version is part of OWL (On-line Writing Lab), a project of the Purdue University Writing Lab, funded by the School of Liberal Arts at Purdue.

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For example, say you need to sort the stack of papers on your desk.

Before you would put them in random piles, you would decide what useful categories might be: papers that can be thrown away; papers that need immediate action; papers to read; papers to pass on to other coworkers; or papers to file.

Many of the important points of this section are covered in the section on writing Argumentative Essays: Being Logical. This document is part of a collection of instructional materials used in the Purdue University Writing Lab.

You might want to review that section first and then come back here for a more thorough review of the principles of logic. The on-line version is part of OWL (On-line Writing Lab), a project of the Purdue University Writing Lab, funded by the School of Liberal Arts at Purdue.

The only conclusion that uses all of our given statements is that W is a subset of C, as asserted by statement 4. If you had any sense of social responsibility, you would leave immediately. The army is notoriously inefficient, so we cannot expect Major Smith to do an efficient job. God exists because the Bible tells us so, and we know that what the Bible tells us must be true because it is the revealed word of God. Congress shouldn't bother to consult the Joint Chiefs-of-Staff about the military appropriations. Brown: I will give no more money to your cause next year. I might cite all the divines almost, from the foundation of Christianity, who have ever treated of this or any other theological subjects: but I shall confine myself, at present, to one equally celebrated for piety and philosophy. But there is more juvenile delinquency than ever before. Therefore the middleweight boxing champion should be severely punished, for he assaults all of his opponents. As a manufacturer he cannot be expected to realize that our aim is to educate the youth, not to make a profit. There is no proof that the secretary "leaked" the news to the papers, so she can't have done it. Diamonds are seldom found in this country, so you must be careful not to mislay your engagement ring. Was it through stupidity of through deliberate dishonesty that the Administration has hopelessly botched its foreign policy?

Had our third statement been "no warm-blooded animals are subject to colds," our diagram would have been the one shown at the right and our conclusion would have been "no whales are subject to colds." If you have read Alice's Adventures in Wonderland or Through the Looking-Glass , you know that their author, Lewis Carroll, delighted in giving sets of nonsense statements which lead to logical conclusions. As members of the armed forces, they will naturally want as much money for military purposes as they think they can get. Solicitor: That's all right, sir, we'll just put you down for the same amount that you gave this year. When we had got to this point in the argument, and every one saw that the definition of justice had been completely upset, Thrasymachus, instead of replying to me, said: "Tell me, Socrates, have you got a nurse? This makes it clear that to eliminate delinquency among the youth we must abolish the schools. You say we ought to discuss whether or not to buy a new car now. In either case, unless you are in favor of stupidity or dishonesty, you should vote against the incumbents. Since all men are mortal, the human race must some day come to an end. Four men, whom we shall call Robert, Ralph, Ronald, and Rudolph, were playing cards one evening. The ordering of the paragraphs is also important in giving writing coherence and a logical flow.The choice of the paragraph pattern will depend on the nature of the question and how you want to answer the question.In the book it is one of several between-chapter articles that add interest and provike thought on subjects related to the topics discussed in the text. Consider the two statements: We say that the third statement follows logically from the other two. This is a key step in writing a classification essay.To classify, or sort, things in a logical way, find the categories to put them into.(Here, the conclusion of one argument is used as a premise in another. This is very common.) Even though there may be a deceiver of some sort, very powerful and very tricky, who bends all his efforts to keep me perpetually deceived, there can be no slightest doubt that I exist, since he deceives me; and let him deceive me as much as he will, he can never make me be nothing as long as I think I am something. Thus, if we accept the following statements as true: In the diagram at the right the set of whales is represented by W, the set of mammals by M, the set of warm-blooded animals by B, the set of animals by B, the set of animals subject to colds by C, and the set of all animals by A. There is no box of mine that I dare not open, unless it is full of live scorpions; 5. Likewise, if you are clever, you can use them to convince others. It is necessary to confine criminals and to lock up dangerous lunatics. Our nation is a democracy and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. If he is sent to prison, it will break their hearts, and they will be left homeless and penniless. The diagram shows that W is a subset of M as required by statement 1, that M is a subset of B as required by statement 2, and that B is a subset of C as required by statement 3. Fallacies fall into two major categories: Listen to your roommate, the T. You'll be amazed how many fallacies we encounter each day. Does your argument have premisses and conclusions stated properly? Therefore there is nothing wrong with depriving people of their liberties. How much longer are you going to waste your time in school when you might be doing a man's work in the world, and contributing to society? But lest you think, that my piety has here got the better of my philosophy, I shall support my opinion, if it needs my support, by a very great authority. Cooks have been preparing food for generations, so our cook must be a real expert. More young people are attending high schools and colleges than ever before in the history of our nation. We believe in equality of opportunity for everyone, so our colleges and universities should admit every applicant, regardless of his economic or educational background. Anyone who deliberately strikes another person should be punished. Watkins' suggestions for increasing the efficiency of our colleges. Everyone said that the soup had a very distinctive taste, so they must all have found it very tasty. If we want to know whether a state is brave we must look at its army, not because the soldiers are the only brave people in the community, but because it is only through their conduct that the courage or cowardice of the community can be manifested. You surely cannot find it in your hearts to reach any other verdict than "not guilty." 25.

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