This has often been viewed (first by Edward Capell in 1781) as an influence on Shakespeare's The Tempest, in particular Act II, Scene 1.The article "Of the Cannibals" from Michel Eyquem de Montaigne speaks about two major problems.
Montaigne addresses the differences between two distinctly different forms of society in his essay Of Cannibals.
The other problem is men calling others barbarous just because they are different.
The essay also deals with the word "barbarism" and what can be meant by that.
The first one is the problem of men telling stories subjectively instead of objectively.
This problem is dealt with only in very short and there is no real solution presented in the essay.