Some of the issues we are currently facing are drugs, the overcrowding of jails and prisons, organized crime, juvenile justice, youth violence, adult probation, parole, re-entry, prison, over-criminalization, and many more.
Drug-related offenses have been steadily increasing and reaching record highs for the past few years.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.In June 2006, the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons found that at any given time there are more than two million people incarcerated.“Over the course of a year, 13.5 million people spend time in jail or prison, and 95% of them eventually return to our communities,” (Summary of Findings and Recommendations, pg. It costs the United States more than billion a year to incarcerate offenders, many of which are re-offenders.Offenders should be adequately rehabilitated while in prison in order for them to become productive members of society, to reduce recidivism rates, to reduce costs, and to enhance the safety of communities. “In many cases-particularly cases of violent crime-the best way to handle criminal behavior is to incapacitate criminals by incarcerating them,” (Priority Issues: Prisons, para. In 2009, there were 760,400 people incarcerated in jails and 1,524,513 people in prisons in the United States.For these more than two million inmates, life can be terrifying and difficult.They are also unable to pay restitution to their victims while they are incarcerated.“When spending taxpayer money on criminal justice, it is counterproductive and wasteful to enact policies that create more criminals, rather than enacting policies that reduce the incidence of crime,” (Priority Issues: Adult Probation, para. Probation gives an alternative to prison for some low-risk and nonviolent offenders.Many inmates have to deal with the harsh conditions of prisoner rape, gang violence, excessive force used by corrections officers, contagious diseases, and much more.It is estimated that one out of every 100 adults in the United States are guests of jails and prisons, a total population of about 2.3 million people. Between 20, the prison population increased 47 percent from 19,309 to 28,389.Some of these trouble youths simply slip through the cracks and end up in the criminal justice system for the rest of their lives, even though a lot of them could have been saved from a life of crime if there had been intervention methods available to them during important stages of their lives.The need for probation for nonviolent offenders is something of an issue.