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General knowledge, such as 'Crick and Watson discovered the structure of DNA,' will not need referencing.
Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field.
It is perfectly acceptable to quote the work of others and, in fact, it is essential that you do so.
A citation is the evidence that you have done research.
Citations link your reader to the sources that informed your thinking and show that you are participating in a scholarly conversation.
If you use one style all of the way through, there should be no problem, but mixing the styles makes things unclear to the reader and may well be punished by your supervisor.
The American Psychological Association standard (APA-standard) is used in most social and psychological papers, and variations of the author/date style are used by many scientific disciplines.
You can find these manuals on the shelves in UTAS Library branches.
To locate these books please refer to the other pages in this guide.
The exact abbreviation does not matter too much, as long as it is clear in the bibliography.
The same is true of many electronic sources, although be careful that any non-attributed source is reliable.