They themselves do not play a part in the political process, but as a psychic factor they do influence their party organisations and their political behaviour.
Seen in this perspective, regionalism in India, as elsewhere, is basically a psychic phenomenon. The emergence of the independent Lahore Kingdom under the capable legendary leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a deep and everlasting impact on the minds of the Sikhs of the region.
These feelings of frustration and anger resulting from exclusion and neglect find expression in regionalism.
Prejudices and biases have a lasting impact on the mind of the people.
Sometimes it was strong in the face of enemies, always it was weak in the face of internal dissensions.
As this loose tribal state grew more powerful, the local elements crystallized in the form of provinces.Some of these provinces had their day and disappeared.Others have persisted as ethnic, cultural, or economic entities down to the present time. When we look backwards into the time before there was a state we experience a sense of satisfaction with the political community of which we are part.The ancient Egyptian and Roman, the citizen of the Catholic mediæval world, probably felt much the same way.Again, the demand for Bodoland, Vidarbha, Telangana, Gorkhaland, etc.cannot be traced in the earnest desire of the people to have their regional identity, which results from regional imbalances.Some of our contemporaries, scanning the horizon, see signs of disaster to the state as it is now constituted mainly in the threat of a general war or in the development of revolutionary class warfare.But the elements of gradual decentralization and devolution that are contained within every state are likely ultimately to prove more potent because, as some might put it, they are more "insidious." One of the internal elements, the development of which may affect the nation both directly through political action and indirectly through political or social philosophy, is "regionalism." Before the national state came into being, there was everywhere some kind of regionalism based on ethnic or cultural considerations.Since the roots of regionalism lie in linguistic, ethnic, economic and cultural identities of the people living in specific geographical area, political scholars have treated various forms of regionalism which include economic regionalism, linguistic regionalism, political regionalism and even sub-regional movements in the general frame of regionalism.In other words, it is the manifestation of those neglected socio-political elements which fail to find expression in the mainstream polity and culture.