Short Essay On Poverty Reduction

Short Essay On Poverty Reduction-2
There is no official poverty line in the United Kingdom and there is debate over what low-level income should be used to define who falls into the category of poor.Academics and researchers commonly use a specific fraction of average income as a benchmark (Leisering, 1998).

There is no official poverty line in the United Kingdom and there is debate over what low-level income should be used to define who falls into the category of poor.

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During the 1990’s the recession caused a cross-section of people to claim benefits, however the young, better educated and those without dependent children quickly returned to employment whilst the most disadvantaged stayed on long-term benefit (Leisering, 1998).Murray argues that a large number of young healthy males choose not to be employed, citing that the majority of them come from the inner city slum areas, belong to the lower social class, and that they have lost the will to work.The increase in illegitimate births is concentrated in the lowest social class and welfare benefits allowed young single women to have a child with no regard to the cost (Lister, 1996).Murray’s solution to the problem is to cut benefits, which he states were to high, thereby solving the welfare dependency syndrome, which Murray believes to be responsible for the creation of the underclass (Lister, 1996).The critics of Murray’s concept of definition of the underclass point to his lack of inclusion of poverty dynamics in his theories.The term underclass came to the fore in Britain when Charles Murray, who is on the right wing of the political spectrum, was asked by a national newspaper to come to Britain and conduct a study on the underclass as he had done previously in the United States (Lister, 1996).Murray found that Britain was following America in terms of the increasing underclass.In most cases, you will need to demonstrate how multiple c...The concept of an underclass in Britain today is an emotive subject leading to many differing schools of thought on how useful it is as a concept, who, what and why does an underclass exist.The foremost viewpoints are right wing approach, supported by people like Charles Murray, who categorize the underclass as deviant behavioral patterns of the individual acting out with the norm.The opposing point of view is the left wing approach, by people like Frank Field, who say that the problem of the underclass is societies fault rather than the individuals.


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