Strong anti-smoking policies may deter students from smoking by making, for example, smoking very inconvenient.
However, the current state of research on college anti-smoking policies and student smoking behavior is not well documented.
Therefore, at their most rudimentary forms, such policies tend to be extensions of local- or state-level policies restricting smoking in public places .
However, some colleges may take a more comprehensive approach, by integrating, for example, smoke-free policies with anti-smoking campaigns and college-sponsored cessation services .
Most studies represented more women than men and more Whites than individuals of other ethnic/racial groups.
The majority (54.5%) of the studies evaluated 100% smoke-free or tobacco-free campus policies.Current data indicate that stricter, more comprehensive policies, and policies that incorporate prevention and cessation programming, produce better results in terms of reducing smoking behavior.Tobacco use, especially cigarette smoking, continues to remain a leading preventable cause of mortality in the United States (U. Across different age-groups, young adults (18–29 year olds) tend to show the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking .As more and more young adults attend college , college campuses provide a great setting for primary and secondary smoking prevention as well as smoking cessation efforts targeting young adults. in some way address on-campus cigarette smoking, mainly through policies that restrict smoking [12, 13].According to the American College Health Association , approximately 29% U. college students report lifetime cigarette smoking and 12% report past-30-day smoking. One of the main reasons why such policies are considered important is the concern about students’ exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke .For example, students tend to spend the majority of their time on campus premises.In fact, in the case of 4-year colleges, a large number of students live on or around campus premises.However, the results of the two longitudinal studies reviewed were promising in that policies were found to significantly reduce smoking behavior and pro-smoking attitudes over time.More longitudinal studies are needed to better understand the role of college anti-smoking policies on student smoking behavior.In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior.This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. To identify relevant studies, the following online databases were searched using specific keywords: Ovid MEDLINE, Psyc INFO, Pub Med, and Google Scholar.