Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.
Your paper should be organized in a manner that moves from general to specific information.
Every time you begin a new subject, think of an inverted pyramid - The broadest range of information sits at the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim.
Lastly, the author explains how and why the information she has just provided connects to and supports her thesis (a brief wrap-up or warrant).
For example, some historians might argue that Lincoln didn’t really shine until a few years into the Civil War, after many Union losses to Southern leaders such as Robert E. The following is a clear example of deduction gone awry: When a premise in a syllogism is missing, the syllogism becomes an enthymeme.
Enthymemes can be very effective in argument, but they can also be unethical and lead to invalid conclusions.Therefore, the unstated premise is “Only rich people have plasma TVs.” The enthymeme above leads us to an invalid conclusion (people who own plasma TVs are not poor) because there are plenty of people who own plasma TVs who are poor.Let’s look at this enthymeme in a syllogistic structure: To help you understand how induction and deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to look at the United States Declaration of Independence.The notion of ‘common but differentiated responsibility’ (CBDR) was formalised in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 (UNFCCC, 1992).Article 3.1 explicitly states 'Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof' (p. For example, it does not stipulate the extent to which, under the principle of CBDR, developing nations should be exempt from specific emissions targets.The first part of the enthymeme (If you have a plasma TV) is the stated premise.The second part of the statement (you are not poor) is the conclusion.The following is an example of induction taken from Dorothy U. Smith was shot in his bedroom between the hours of p.m. Jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering the Smith home at around p.m. A coworker heard Smith and Jones arguing in Smith’s office the morning of the day Smith died. Here, then, is the example in bullet form: When you use deduction in an argument, you begin with general premises and move to a specific conclusion.There is a precise pattern you must use when you reason deductively.Induction is the type of reasoning that moves from specific facts to a general conclusion.When you use induction in your paper, you will state your thesis (which is actually the conclusion you have come to after looking at all the facts) and then support your thesis with the facts. The pistol left in the bedroom contains Jones’s fingerprints.