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While Pluto does not, neither do other planets including Earth.
However, the lecture refutes this idea, suggesting that the astronomy community was not fairly represented in the vote to demote Pluto to dwarf status, and that many people disagree with the decision.
According to the reading, Pluto was demoted due to its size.
This section is now a standard part of the TOEFL i BT.
Previously, a writing test was administered as a separate test (TWE) from the paper and computer based TOEFL.
The decision on whether or not to demote Pluto was put to a final vote by astronomers from around the world at the International Astronomical Union Conference.
However, when I say from around the world, I don't mean worldwide.
Many astronomers believe that if electronic voting had been an option, Pluto along with two other celestial objects, would now be considered planets.
Furthermore, the definition that was decided upon for a planet - that it must clear the neighborhood around its orbit - doesn't technically hold up, since Earth, Mars, Neptune, and Jupiter all have asteroids as neighbors.
The IUC decision disappointed many people outside the astronomy community too.
You see, there are more than a few Pluto lovers out there.