riverside washing areas].” In India, there is no legislation explicitly stating that governments have to provide water to their citizens; however, in the past, courts have ruled that the right to water is part of the constitutional guarantee of right to life.
Since India became independent in 1947, it has been implicitly accepted that central and state governments have a primary responsibility for providing water for drinking, and, subsequently, for other purposes.
The main objective of this group was to monitor and track the proposed study and project.
The first strategy that the group used was creating political awareness.
After the economic reforms of the 1990s, India has witnessed an increased influence of neoliberal policies in various areas.
Water distribution has been the most recent to come under its ambit, as an increased emphasis has been put on privatization of water distribution in different cities and towns across the country.
The second was held in May 2007, and the issues raised during the second meeting were supposed to be reviewed.
However, the final report was published and shared during the third stakeholder meeting, held in November 2007, and the issues raised were not resolved in this report.
The terms of reference also included a clause stating that Castalia was required to suggest a model which would “end water leakage, pilferage and contamination and subsequently ensure 24x7 water supply through a multinational private operator in K-East Ward.” The assessment study led to the start of a project titled “Pilot Project of Privatization of Water Distribution” in 2006, though widespread civil society resistance caused the project name to be changed to “Pilot Project of Water Improvement” and later to “Water Distribution Improvement Project (WDIP).” This project was to be done in three phases: The WDIP was pitched as a consultative process towards improvement of water supply, in which suggestions of different stakeholders, including residents and the MCGM, were sought.
In order to achieve this, Castalia and MCGM proposed a series of stakeholder meetings. The first was held in May 2006, following which a report was published.