Writing And Critical Thinking In The Social Studies

A separate module can deal with the really important social problems that do not always appear in the existing social studies curriculum, even though they are clearly part of social studies.

As Paul (1990) points out, significant issues are not generally found within the boundaries of one discipline such as history or geography.

Even when we have decided which view is the most defensible, we will still have to decide what to teach, as all of the extant conceptions include a variety of standards, heuristics, skills, and dispositions (i.e., Ennis 1991; Lipman et al. The three options presented here for teaching critical thinking allow teachers to select a strategy that corresponds to their conceptual assumptions.

They consist of a critical thinking module, an infusion approach, and a strategy combining the module and an infusion approach.

They tend to be multi-logical-which political party to vote for, what to do about drug use, how to prevent violence in the school, and so on.

A further advantage to the separate module approach is that it may foster a more critical attitude because it is specifically designed to encourage critical thinking, rather than assisting in learning particular social studies content.Purpose of study: The purpose of this study was to identify approaches that social studies scholars believed or suggested to be more likely and predictive of success in the teaching of critical-thinking in social studies classrooms.A corollary purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive resource for social studies scholars concerning ways to promote critical-thinking in classrooms.A total of one hundred thirty two (132) articles were identified and used to answer the following research questions: Over the years what method(s) have social studies scholars identified or suggested as beneficial for promoting critical thinking in classrooms? Is there a commonality or divergence among the suggested method(s) for promoting critical-thinking?How have scholars' approaches for promoting critical-thinking changed (if at all)?However, it was also found that the role of classroom context or classroom atmosphere did not receive much scholarly attention.Overall, social studies scholars' views on promoting critical-thinking have shown more commonality than divergence.There are both advantages and disadvantages to this approach.Using an existing program has the advantage that it is immediately available and has been created by experts.Thus, the separate module approach has a number of advantages. Upper Montclair, New Jersey: Institute for Critical Thinking, Montclair State College, 1987.If, unlike Mark, it is designed by teachers, it is more likely to fit the constraints and opportunities of the existing social studies curriculum and the contexts in which it is taught. Ian Wright is an Associate Professor teaching elementary social studies at the University of British Columbia.


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